July 2015

SportsTurf provides current, practical and technical content on issues relevant to sports turf managers, including facilities managers. Most readers are athletic field managers from the professional level through parks and recreation, universities.

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Page 32 of 51 July 2015 | SportsTurf 33 life. Relive the event in your mind. It will start to bring you thoughts of joy, laugh- ter, etc. Laughing reduces stress. Oxygenate; breathe deep. The more oxygen you getting into your sys- tem the more calming effect it has. Deep breathing slows the heart rate and lowers tension. One researcher found that using deep breathing can lower our feelings of anxiety by up to 15%. Go to the room earlier to see the lay of the land. Get familiar with the sur- roundings. Test and be sure all AV is working properly. Listen to music especially soothing music places you in a more relaxed state. Avoid alcohol and caffeine as they tend to increase blood pressure causing ten- sion. Secure a glass or bottled water. One never knows when dry mouth may occur, so you will be prepared if it does. Check your appearance in the rest- room prior to going "on stage". Greet people as they come in the room. This keeps you active and you start to meet new friends and learn names and faces. Visualize a person you admire (not an immediate family member). Chances are you admire them, in part, because they are a good communicator. Think about how they communicate. What level of confidence and poise they project. Dwell a few minutes on their style. Positive imagery, also called visual- ization or mental imagery consists of you imagining yourself speaking confidently. You become more confident, just as you would if you had actually given a suc- cessful speech. Researchers have found positive imagery to be an easy to use and to have a long-term effect. SPEECH PREPARATION Recall there are five (5) various types of speeches: Thinking of your topic (con- tent) of your speech, choose the speech type you believe best fits your content. Knowing your speech type will help shape how you prepare your speech. Also ask yourself: "What do you hope to accom- plish as a result of your speech?" Do I want to teach something, praise someone or something, share personal experiences, make people laugh, or rally support, for example? Knowing your intended outcome of the speech can also be a great way to help you organize your thoughts and content for the speech. Research the facts surrounding your topic. Your speech should be relevant and your understanding of the topic should seem natural. Before you write the speech, become comfortable with the informa- tion. Find out what other people are saying about your subject matter. Not all presentations will or should

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